The roots of Jamdani belong to Bengal. After the patrician of India, Bengal was divided into East Pakistan (current Bangladesh) and West Bengal (an Indian state). Both Bangladesh and West Bengal offer a wide range of Jamdani Sarees. Though Bangladeshi Jamdani saree is more prevalent, there are markets in West Bengal and other parts of India where you can find its collection. Many businessmen import clothing from Bangladesh to sell them in Indian markets. Being a neighboring country, it is easy to import this traditional Bengali costume from Bangladesh.
Jamdani is made of fine muslin textiles. Such textiles are mainly produced in Dhaka District of Bangladesh. This is the reason why the costume is also called as Dhakai Jamdani Saree. The beautiful sari looks amazing in women.
The Jamdani historic production was done by the imperial warrants in Mughal era. However, in British colonialism, the industry of Jamdani Sari saw a sharp decline because of the bias import policies against Indians. In recent times, the industry has revived and many Jamdani Saris are now easily available at reasonable prices. The art of producing Jamdani has also been declared as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.
Jamdani word is derived from Persian. Jam means flower and Dani means a container or a vase. The development of Jamdani industry was originated in Dacca. Jamdani weaving tradition has Bengali origin. It is one the most labor-intensive method. Many people are involved in hand loom weaving to design beautiful Jamdani sarees.
Types of Jamdani Sarees:
- Silk jamdani
- Dhakai jamdani
- Dhaniakhali jamdani
- Tangail jamdani
- Begumpur jamdani
- Shantipur jamdani
Dhakai Jamdani sarees are found in various forms by their fine texture showing great ornate workmanship and muslin. They are floral motifs or multicolored liners throughout the body and consist of elegantly designed pallu. The mango design indicates the growth, fertility and marital bliss.