Saturday, July 12, 2014

Weaving Process in Rajasthan

Weaving art has been practiced for long time in Rajasthan and now the art has gained a supreme status in this part of India. Weaving is an art of interlacing different sizes and types of yarns, the weft and the warp has been popular for centuries in Rajasthan. Hand weaving was developed in ancient times.

Ancient fabrics and terracotta spindles were found in the Indus Valley, they are sufficient evidences to the acquaintance of the crafts of weaving and spinning. Cottage industry is popular for weaving in India and the village wearer communities are famous in Rajasthan. They are one of the main sources of producing fabric. Loom has fundamental position in the cultural and social lives of Rajasthani people. Its great importance can be seen in the traditional clothing as well.

With the arrival of industrialization and modernization of textiles in India, mill-made fabrics strongly affected the process of weaving in villages. Traditional patterns transformed into latest ones. These days, it’s hard to find the uniqueness of fine reza, khaadi, and mathania mulmul. They are now rare in Rajasthan. Power looms quickly substituting handlooms in maximum rural and urban areas. Hereditary weaving is still in trend and can be found in feasible products such as pile carpets, kota dona, durries, pattus and jajams. They are found in modern and traditional designs.

Awareness of weaving can be seen in older Rajasthani people. It is an easy process of 4 basic steps, regardless the type of loom, technology or the process of weaving.

Basic weaving steps:
  • Picking
  • Shedding
  •  Beating
  • Absorbing
  • Letting off
In villages of Rajasthan, weavers use traditional method of producing different types of cotton cloths i.e. reza and khaadi. They are woven of either finished or yardage garment, such as dhoti or odhna. With the help of local cotton yarn, craftsmen easily pile crafts on pit-look or khaddi. Basket weave is made from the reza fabric and khaadi is from hand spun. Then these fabrics are patterned and dyed.

Weaving has been representing the Rajasthani culture since ages. But these days several modern mechanisms are gaining popularity in the market, however the demand of reza and khaadi is still very strong.